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Ischemic Heart Disease

  • March 31, 2021

What is Ischemic Heart Disease?

Ischemic Heart Disease is an umbrella term for all sorts of coronary heart diseases. It is caused by inadequate blood supply to the heart, due to narrow arteries constricting the blood circulation resulting in the formation of a blood clot, and hence a heart attack.


Trends Of Cardiovascular diseases in India

According to Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2020, India has the highest death tolls from cardiovascular diseases, ranging from 2.26 million (1990) to 4.77 (2020). The estimation of age-standardised CVD death rate is 272 per 100,000 population in India, surpassing the global average of 235.


Symptoms of Ischemic Heart Diseases

Angina is the foremost symptom experienced in cases of CVD, which is a condition of extreme chest pain, due to sudden or prolonging strenuous exertion. Certain factors aid the fatty accumulation in the coronary artery such as, high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, obesity and sedentary lifestyle and determinants which cannot be controlled by self such as family history, age, and ethnic background.


Types of Ischemic Heart Diseases

Myocardial Ischemia and Silent Ischemia are types of ischemic heart diseases.

Myocardial ischemia reduces the ability of the heart muscle to pump blood. Most common symptoms are angina, shortness of breath, neck or arm pain, fatigue, preceding a heart attack. Silent ischemia is when the afflicted does not experience an ounce of symptoms. This results into sudden heart attack devoid of any precautionary avails.



Treatment of Ischemic Heart Diseases

A multidimensional approach is to be undertaken as the same route of treatment may not adhere to every other patient. Every risk factor is identified and evaluated with surgical intervention or drug-therapy. By surgical means, PCI (Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) and CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery) are performed, colloquially known as angioplasty with a stent & bypass surgery respectively.
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